TradeTurkiye.com - Trade with Turkey

Quality Infrastructure in Turkey in the Framework of Harmonisation of EU Legislation

AddThis Social Bookmark Button

The Customs Union Agreement of 1995 which brings Turkey  strict obligations regarding the transposition of EU’s

technical legislation regarding the free movement of goods also entailed a necessary change in Turkey’s quality infrastructure. Since 1995, Turkish quality actors, both private and public, have engaged into a successful cooperation with an aim to bring the Turkish conformity assessment, accreditation, standardization and metrology systems to a level equal to that of EU’s.

 

Below is a brief description of Turkey’s quality infrastructure.

Conformity Assessment

Conformity Assessment is the process of testing, inspection and certification of goods and services to determine whether they satisfy the requirements laid down in the relevant technical regulations and/or standards. It addresses a wide area of services, from ISO 9000 quality management systems certification to inspections conducted by technical services for motor vehicles, and so on.

Before the Customs Union, conformity assessment in Turkey was mainly based on mandatory quality and safety certificates issued by the Turkish Standards Institute (TSE). Transposition of EU’s technical legislation brought about a dramatic change in the Turkish conformity assessment infrastructure, by transforming it from a public oriented duty to a private sector oriented service.

Many private conformity assessment bodies (CABs) have invested in Turkey since the system was liberalized in accordance with EU rules, and now many CABs provide international certificates and markings such as the ISO 9000 series and CE Marking for Turkish producers. The rapid increase in the number of private sector CABs within the newly liberalized system automatically entailed the necessity to establish associations to serve as forums. As a result, two separate but interrelated associations were established:

    1. TURKLAB - Turkish Calibration and Experiment Laboratories Association

Legally established on 05/02/2004, TURKLAB aims to improve the coordination and cooperation between Turkish laboratories, represent the private sector laboratories in public domains, provide support for its members in accreditation and certification processes and conduct sectoral training schemes.

TURKLAB consists of 68 members from the Turkish laboratory society and represents Turkish private sector laboratories in EUROLAB. It is also a member of the Association for Conformity Assessment (UDDer), which gathers not only laboratories but all natural and legal persons associated with conformity assessment, including public authorities and consumer organizations.

More information is available on TURKLAB’s official web site (www.turklab.org).

    1. UDDer - Association for Conformity Assessment

UDDer was established on 28/06/2006 with an aim to gather all stakeholders with relevance to conformity assessment. Among UDDer’s members are public institutions such as the Undersecretariat for Foreign Trade and the Ministry of Industry and Trade, natural persons, private sector operators, notified bodies and other civil society institutions such as the Union of Consumer Organizations and TURKLAB.

UDDer mainly aims to serve as a platform in which the abovementioned stakeholders can effectively cooperate in tackling problems related to the conformity assessment sector.

UDDer is at the moment chaired by the Undersecretariat for Foreign Trade, through General Director of DG Standardization in Foreign Trade.

Turkish Notified Bodies

Notified Bodies are shortly defined as CABS which conduct conformity assessment procedures for risky products that fall under New Approach Directives and require CE Marking to be put in a market.

Since Turkey and EU share a functioning Customs Union which ultimately aims to eliminate all types of barriers to trade, this automatically brings about Turkey’s right to assign Notified Bodies just like EU Member States. This was officially recognized by EU by virtue of Association Council Decision No: 1/2006. Turkish competent authorities have assigned a number of Turkish Notified Bodies for several New Approach Directives following this decision:

Turkish Standards Institute (ID No. 1783): (www.tse.org.tr)
  • Lifts  (95/16/EC)
  • Construction Products (89/106/EEC)
  • Appliances burning gaseous fuels (90/396/EEC)
  • Pressure equipment (97/23/EC)
Turkish Cement Manufacturers Association (ID No. 1784): (www.k-c-k.org)
  • Construction Products (89/106/EEC)
Turkish Loyd Foundation (ID No. 1785): (www.turkloydu.org)
  • Appliances burning gaseous fuels (90/396/EEC)
  • Pressure equipment (97/23/EC)
  • Recreational craft (94/25/EC)
MEYER for (ID No. 1984): (www.meyer.gen.tr)
  • Appliances burning gaseous fuels (90/396/EEC)
  • Pressure equipment (97/23/EC)
Chamber of Mechanical Engineers (ID No. 2022): (www.mmo.org.tr)
  • Lifts  (95/16/EC)
Turkish Ready Mixed Concrete Association (ID No. 2055): (www.thbb.org)
  • Construction Products (89/106/EEC)

More information on Turkish Notified Bodies can be obtained by visiting EU’s official web-site for New Approach Nominated and Designated Organizations (NANDO).


 

Original article from Republic of Turkey Ministry of Economy